Over the past few years, some really frantic discoveries have baffled us. Not only scientists, but even people like you and me have helped in this cause. These interesting inventions have made things easy and have helped in better understanding of the world. Further, these discoveries are not restricted to being area specific. Medical, astronomy and economical areas have seen some tremendous contrivance. Some of them are curated here, have a look!
1. Copernican Heliocentrism
Polish astronomer Nicholas Copernicus stated this theory in 1543. He proved that Sun is at the centre of the universe, and it is our dear Earth (and other planets) that revolves around. Earlier this theory, people used to believe it’s the Earth which has confiscated the Universe’s centre.
A pretty well-known story where an apple became the cause for Issac Newton to discover gravity in 1664. This interesting discovery helped the astronomers to understand how planets revolve around the Sun and why things fall.
During the 70 AD, crude forms of anaesthesia like alcohol, Mandrake and opium were used. But Henry Bigelow broke the tradition. He discovered that ether and chloroform can also be used to make painful surgeries less arduous.
4. Periodic Table
Russian scientist Dmitry Mendeleev observed something in 1869. When chemical elements are arranged by their atomic weights, they form a group of similar chemical properties. This interesting phenomenon led him to the discovery of the Periodic Table.
5. Liquid Crystals
While examining the chemical properties of different derivatives of cholesterol in 1888, botanical physiologist Friedrich Reinitzer discovered Liquid Crystals. And well, his discovery is the reason why LCD TVs are in existence today.
When current is passed through an extremely low-pressure gas, x-rays are formed. German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen discovered this phenomenon.
Discovered in the 1860’s, pasteurization is a treatment process. It is done to kill pathogenic microorganisms in beverages like milk, beer, wine, etc. One of the many discoveries that have helped humanity.
The credit for the first antibiotic goes to the Scottish scientist Alexander Flaming. He discovered Penicillin in the year 1928. Thanks to him that we finally found a cure for diseases like stomach ulcers, strep throat, leptospirosis, etc.
9. Blood Circulation
In 1628, William Harvey discovered and explained the complete circulatory system in humans. Also, he presented a detailed and interesting explanation on how blood is pumped to the body.
10. Air Conditioning
Willis Carrier invented the present day modern electrical air conditioners in 1902. He did the commendable job in Buffalo, New York.
William Herschel discovered Infrared radiation in 1800. He did that while examining the effect of heating on different colors of light. He used a prism to produce a spectrum of colors.
Jonas Salk witnessed a year full of severe polio cases in 1952. This motivated him to do something for the people. Just after a year, Jonas came up with a remedy for polio in 1952.